Garden Talk: Rose Pruning
Roses are a great addition to your landscapes garden and are enjoyed indoors and out. This time of year we have people ask us about pruning their Roses. Let me give you the Father Nature Landscapes way of taking care of your Roses. First, you’ll need a little bit of background on what you are dealing with. Note that this list is not in perfect detail of the in’s and out’s of how to be a Roses gardener, simply the quick, simplified version.
I. Hybrid T: Multi seasonal blooming Roses typically used for cuttings due to their long, straight and upright growth before its impressive bloom.
II. Floribunda: Bush type Rose. Bunch type (3-15 blooms in a cluster) blooming Rose ranging from carpet, climbers and spilling Roses and all in the middle.
III. Grandiflora Rose: Bush style rose that is a cross between the hybrid T Rose and Floribunda Rose consisting of both single cutting type Roses and clustered Roses. Can get as large as 6′ in height.
- Prune all of these in February when buds begin to swell.
- Think through your desired shape to encourage air flow, use and size.
- Cut out any dead canes.
- Cut any suckers that may be growing from root stock.
- Cut any remaining canes that are smaller than a pencil, or crossing or inward growing stems (These cause damage and allow for disease to enter the plant).
- Select 4-6 of the remaining canes, determine the shape desired and cut to height of 1-4′ depending on preference.
This should leave an open shrub with outward growing branch structure.
After first bloom, remove spent blooms to encourage more flowering throughout the summer. This process is known as ‘deadheading’.